Born in Bradford in Great Britain in 1937, David Hockney is a painter, graphic artist, photographer and designer. He achieved success and international fame at the age of 25. Since then he remains the most famous British artist of his generation.
From the early 1960s onwards, the artistic atmosphere in London and the success of his participation in some decisive group exhibitions (especially the Young Contemporaries Exhibition in January 1961) established him as one of the protagonists of Anglo-Saxon Pop Art, even though the artist has repeatedly rejected this label. In his early works he used images from popular magazines and icons of the Pop Art genre to great effect.
After frequent trips to New York, where he experienced his stay as a provincial's access to a free and dazzling world, and later to Los Angeles, the artist moved to the United States.
For many of his works, David Hockney draws inspiration from the suggestions of the grandiose daily life of this country, as evidenced by the recurring theme of the Californian swimming pool (A Bigger Splash, Tate, 1967). Trained as a painter, Hockney was already known to the world when he suddenly decided to turn to photography in 1981, presenting new works made from Polaroid photographs. Since then he has produced artwork in almost every known medium: painting, drawing, design, photography, etching, always pushing the boundaries of each.